Assurez-vous que vous obtenez des soins médicaux si vous vous êtes cogné la tête. Que se passe-t-il après un traumatisme crânien? Ces symptômes disparaissent généralement après quelques jours ou quelques semaines. Si vous avez subi un traumatisme crânien modéré ou grave, vous pourriez garder des séquelles durables et avoir de la difficulté à penser, à vous concentrer ou à fixer votre attention. La mémoire à court terme peut aussi être touchée.

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Paroxetine Paxil Escitalopram Lexapro. Other types of antidepressants are serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors SNRIs. Another antidepressant that is commonly used is bupropion Wellbutrin. Bupropion, which works on the neurotransmitter dopamine, is unique in that it does not fit into any specific drug type. Older antidepressant medications include tricyclics, tetracyclics, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors MAOIs.

For some people, tricyclics, tetracyclics, or MAOIs may be the best medications. What are the side effects? Antidepressants may cause mild side effects that usually do not last long. Any unusual reactions or side effects should be reported to a doctor immediately. Nausea feeling sick to your stomach , which usually goes away within a few days.

Sleeplessness or drowsiness, which may happen during the first few weeks but then goes away. Sometimes the medication dose needs to be reduced or the time of day it is taken needs to be adjusted to help lessen these side effects. Agitation feeling jittery. Sexual problems, which can affect both men and women and may include reduced sex drive, and problems having and enjoying sex.

Tricyclic antidepressants can cause side effects, including: Dry mouth. Bladder problems. It may be hard to empty the bladder, or the urine stream may not be as strong as usual. Older men with enlarged prostate conditions may be more affected. Blurred vision, which usually goes away quickly. Usually, antidepressants that make you drowsy are taken at bedtime. People taking MAOIs need to be careful about the foods they eat and the medicines they take.

Foods and medicines that contain high levels of a chemical called tyramine are dangerous for people taking MAOIs. Tyramine is found in some cheeses, wines, and pickles. The chemical is also in some medications, including decongestants and over-the-counter cold medicine.

Mixing MAOIs and tyramine can cause a sharp increase in blood pressure, which can lead to stroke. People taking MAOIs should ask their doctors for a complete list of foods, medicines, and other substances to avoid.

An MAOI skin patch has recently been developed and may help reduce some of these risks. A doctor can help a person figure out if a patch or a pill will work for him or her. How should antidepressants be taken? People taking antidepressants need to follow their doctors' directions. The medication should be taken in the right dose for the right amount of time. It can take three or four weeks until the medicine takes effect. Some people take the medications for a short time, and some people take them for much longer periods.

People with long-term or severe depression may need to take medication for a long time. Once a person is taking antidepressants, it is important not to stop taking them without the help of a doctor. Sometimes people taking antidepressants feel better and stop taking the medication too soon, and the depression may return.

When it is time to stop the medication, the doctor will help the person slowly and safely decrease the dose. It's important to give the body time to adjust to the change. People don't get addicted, or "hooked," on the medications, but stopping them abruptly can cause withdrawal symptoms.

If a medication does not work, it is helpful to be open to trying another one. A study funded by NIMH found that if a person with difficult-to-treat depression did not get better with a first medication, chances of getting better increased when the person tried a new one or added a second medication to his or her treatment.

The herbal medicine St. John's wort has been used for centuries in many folk and herbal remedies. Today in Europe, it is used widely to treat mild-to-moderate depression. In the United States, it is one of the top-selling botanical products. The National Institutes of Health conducted a clinical trial to determine the effectiveness of treating adults who have major depression with St. Johns wort. The study included people diagnosed with major depression.

One-third of the people took the herbal medicine, one-third took an SSRI, and one-third took a placebo, or "sugar pill. The study found that St. John's wort was no more effective than the placebo in treating major depression. John's wort for treating mild or minor depression.

Other research has shown that St. John's wort can dangerously interact with other medications, including those used to control HIV. On February 10, , the FDA issued a Public Health Advisory letter stating that the herb appears to interfere with certain medications used to treat heart disease, depression, seizures, certain cancers, and organ transplant rejection.

Also, St. Johns wort may interfere with oral contraceptives. Because St. John's wort may not mix well with other medications, people should always talk with their doctors before taking it or any herbal supplement. FDA warning on antidepressants Antidepressants are safe and popular, but some studies have suggested that they may have unintentional effects, especially in young people.

In , the FDA looked at published and unpublished data on trials of antidepressants that involved nearly 4, children and adolescents. They found that 4 percent of those taking antidepressants thought about or tried suicide although no suicides occurred , compared to 2 percent of those receiving placebos sugar pill. In , the FDA decided to adopt a "black box" warning label—the most serious type of warning—on all antidepressant medications.

The warning says there is an increased risk of suicidal thinking or attempts in children and adolescents taking antidepressants. In , the FDA proposed that makers of all antidepressant medications extend the warning to include young adults up through age The warning also says that patients of all ages taking antidepressants should be watched closely, especially during the first few weeks of treatment.

Possible side effects to look for are depression that gets worse, suicidal thinking or behavior, or any unusual changes in behavior such as trouble sleeping, agitation, or withdrawal from normal social situations. Families and caregivers should report any changes to the doctor.

To find the latest information visit the FDA website. Results of a comprehensive review of pediatric trials conducted between and suggested that the benefits of antidepressant medications likely outweigh their risks to children and adolescents with major depression and anxiety disorders.

Finally, the FDA has warned that combining the newer SSRI or SNRI antidepressants with one of the commonly-used "triptan" medications used to treat migraine headaches could cause a life-threatening illness called "serotonin syndrome.

Serotonin syndrome is usually associated with the older antidepressants called MAOIs, but it can happen with the newer antidepressants as well, if they are mixed with the wrong medications. Reprints: This publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission from NIMH. We encourage you to reproduce it and use it in your efforts to improve public health. Citation of the National Institute of Mental Health as a source is appreciated.

However, using government materials inappropriately can raise legal or ethical concerns, so we ask you to use these guidelines: NIMH does not endorse or recommend any commercial products, processes, or services, and our publications may not be used for advertising or endorsement purposes. NIMH does not provide specific medical advice or treatment recommendations or referrals; our materials may not be used in a manner that has the appearance of providing such information. NIMH requests that non-Federal organizations not alter our publications in ways that will jeopardize the integrity and "brand" when using the publication.

Addition of non-Federal Government logos and Web site links may not have the appearance of NIMH endorsement of any specific commercial products or services or medical treatments or services. The photos in this publication are of models and are used for illustrative purposes only. Accommodations are essential for this student to function in the academic program.

Feel free to adapt this list, however, here is a general list of suggested accommodations. I am writing to give you an update regarding your student, who having Mood Problems, i. Interpersonal interventions Feeling connected to people is particularly important with mood problems, particularly because students with mood problems youth tend to withdraw from others.

Help connect the student to supportive peers, and offer opportunities to participate in organized school activities such as clubs, sports. Make a special contact with the student each day. Maybe a specific greeting at the door followed by a question about something that has been of interest to the student. Build strength and resiliency by reinforcing successes and positives What times has your student been successful at things in the past? Tell the student about any positives. Consider temporarily reducing the academic expectations and workload.

Just like one might modify job tasks for a worker with back injury, it is important to modify tasks for a student with mood problems. Give more time Students with mood problems tend to have problems with attention and concentration. Give more time, break assignments into smaller pieces, offer extra help in setting up schedules or study habits, or pair the student with others who express an interest in helping. By giving the student the ability to calm down at school, this will lessen the chances that the student will end up leaving the school.

Talk ahead of time privately with the student, and set up some signal or cue so that the student can leave the class if the student is getting overwhelmed.

To help with this, provide the student with explicit guidelines for assignments. In addition, explicit guidelines for assignments help mitigate the negative impact of anxiety and depression symptoms on executive functioning. Executive skills help a student to regulate his or her behavior. Through the use of these skills a student can plan and organize activities, sustain attention, and persist to complete a task.


Et une bouteille de vodka, une ! Boire, aimer ou cogner ? Faut choisir…

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